Relics of Napoleon

Commission signed by Napoleon, 1803

Commission signed by Napoleon, 1803

Today marks the 200th anniversary of Napoleon’s final defeat at the Battle of Waterloo. To commemorate the occasion, here are some Napoleon-related items from the LSU Libraries’ Special Collections.

A document that Napoleon himself touched is a commission dated “11 Fructidor 30” (September 17, 1803, on the French Revolutionary calendar). This was less than one year before he crowned himself emperor. The document also bears his embossed paper seal, decorated with an allegorical figure and his official title, First Consul of the French Republic.

Many rare books about Napoleon’s military campaigns are available in Special Collections. They range from contemporary accounts of French Revolutionary-era politics and military affairs to early biographies, memoirs, and histories. Among these materials are a few items that show how much Napoleon’s public image was influenced by the printed page. La description de l’Égypte (1809-28), one of the largest and most extravagant books ever published, is a multi-volume illustrated record of studies conducted by the “corps des savants,” a team of scientists, historians, and artists that traveled with the French army in Egypt from 1798 to 1801. Napoleon ordered the book’s production, partly to divert attention from his military failures in the Middle East. (For more info, see our blog post “Egyptomania!”)

Caricature of Napoleon

Caricature of Napoleon by James Gillray

Much less flattering views of “the Little Corsican” are found in two British caricatures drawn around 1800 by Isaac Cruikshank and James Gillray. They are now bound into an extra-illustrated copy of Walter Hamilton’s Memoir of George Cruikshank, Artist and Humourist (1878). One of the prints, titled “Easier to say than to do!”, shows Napoleon plotting to overrun Britain. The other depicts “Tiddy-Doll the great French Gingerbread-Baker drawing out a new Batch of Kings,” a reference to Napoleon’s strategy of creating puppet states.

Did you know Napoleon was a voracious reader? The library in his official residence near Paris had 6,000 books. He took wagonloads of books with him on campaigns, and during his exile on Elba, he built up a library of about 2,300 volumes. The ruthless general wasn’t always kind to books. It is said that if he didn’t like one, he’d throw it out of his carriage into the mud. He also stole books. A 1739 edition of the works of Roman historian Cornelius Nepos, now in the Rare Book Collection at LSU, may be one of these volumes. According to an inscription written in 1818, the book was part of a library taken by Napoleon when he conquered Italy. (To find out more about Napoleon’s relationship with books, see the article “Napoleon’s Passion: Plundering Libraries.”)

(left) Book plundered by Napoleon; (right) Books from library of Empress Marie Louise

(left) Book plundered by Napoleon; (right) Books from the library of Empress Marie Louise

Special Collections also holds books from the library of Napoleon’s second wife, the Empress Marie Louise, later known as the Duchess of Parma. The three large volumes bear her distinctive red bindings and gilt monogram. After her death in 1847, they were passed down through her Austrian family until 1933 when her library was sold. One of the books, Anton Ziegler’s Historische Memorabilien des In- und Auslandes (1840), is of special interest. Several of its engravings depict Napoleon in battle.

Everybody knows that Napoleon sold the vast French colony of Louisiana to the United States, but there are other connections between him and the Bayou State. After he was driven into exile, many of his supporters had to leave France as well. A few came to Louisiana. The papers of two exiles, Pierre Gabriel Wartelle and Joseph Lakanal, are now available to researchers in Special Collections. Materials in other manuscript collections contain references to the French Revolution and its impact on the United States. Interested in finding out more? The Louisiana Digital Library collection Lettres de Louisiane is a good place to start.

Louisiana readers have always had an interest in Napoleon. Shown below are two books from early Louisiana libraries. Stories of Waterloo and Other Tales, published in New York in 1830, is a book of fictionalized history that was owned by Thomas Butler, a planter and judge from St. Francisville. Around 1870, when LSU was still a military academy, an illustrated biography of Napoleon, Mémorial de Sainte-Hélène (ca. 1842), was on the shelves for cadets to check out. At that time, the book was was volume number 552 in the library’s collection, according to a bookplate inside the front cover.

(left) Stories of Waterloo; (right) Mémorial de Sainte-Hélène

(left) Stories of Waterloo; (right) Mémorial de Sainte-Hélène

 

 

Posted in Special Collections Tagged with: ,

Recent faculty publications

2022

Kelsey, Sigrid, ed. Fostering Student Success: Academic, Social, and Financial Initiatives, ALA Editions, 2022.

2021

O’Neill, Brittany. “Do They Know It When They See It?: Natural Language Preferences of Undergraduate Students for Library Resources,” College & Undergraduate Libraries. Volume 28, Issue 2 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1080/10691316.2021.1920535

O’Neill, Brittany and Rebecca Kelley. “Delivering Bad News: Crisis Communication Methods in Academic Libraries,” College & Research Libraries, Volume 82, Issue 3 (May 2021). https://doi.org/10.5860/crl.82.3.310

Connel, Ruth Sara; Lisa C. Wallis; David Comeaux. “The Impact of COVID-19 on the Use of Academic Library Resources,” Information Technology and Libraries. Volume 40, Issue 2 (2021). https://doi.org/10.6017/ital.v40i2.12629

O’Neill, B. (2021).”Three-layer primary source dip: Introducing history students to primary source research through active learning.” In The teaching with primary sources cookbook, edited by J. M. Porterfield, 16-18. Association of College & Research Libraries, 2021.

2020 

Blessinger, Kelly and Dave Comeaux. “User Experience with a New Public Interface for an Integrated Library System,” Information Technology in Libraries. Volume 39, Issue 1. https://doi.org/10.6017/ital.v39i1.11607

Cramer, Jennifer A. “First, Do No Harm”: Tread Carefully Where Oral History, Trauma, and Current Crises Intersect,” The Oral History Review, 47:2 (2020): 203-213, DOI: 10.1080/00940798.2020.1793679

Diamond, Tom, ed. The Academic Librarian in the Digital Age: Essays on Changing Roles and Responsibilities. McFarland, 2020.

Kelley, Rebecca and Mitch Fontenot. “Serving our Student Veterans in Louisiana,” Louisiana Libraries. Volume 82, Issue 2 (Spring 2020).

Kuyper-Rushing, Lois.A Thematic Index of Works by Eugene Bozza, A-R Editions, 2020.

Lounsberry, Megan. “Troubleshooting electronic resources from an ILL perspective,” Technical Services Quarterly, Volume 37, Issue 3.
https://doi.org/10.1080/07317131.2020.1768699

McDonald, Ebony. “2020 Regina Medal Recipient Christopher Paul Curtis,” Catholic Library World. 

Miles, John David.  “James Harrison and the Tensas Troubles of 1878,” Civil War Book Review: Volume 22, Issue 1 (Winter 2020).

Morgan, Randa Lopez. 2020. “Supporting Student Wellness and Success through the LSU Libraries Relaxation Room.Journal of Library Outreach and Engagement v. 1, no. 1: 104–115.

2019

Batte, Elizabeth; David Dunaway; Emily Frank; Sarah Mazur; and Laurie Phillips. “LOUIS Membership with Open Textbook Network Brings Incentive for Faculty OER Advocacy on Campuses,” CODEX: Journal of the Louisiana Chapter of the ACRL. Volume 5, Issue 3 (Fall/Winter 2019).

Borchardt, Rachel; Polly Boruff-Jones; Sigrid Kelsey; and Jennifer Matthews, “A Proposed Framework for the Evaluation of Academic Librarian Scholarship” (2019). Proceedings of the Charleston Library Conference.

Comeaux, Dave;  Emily Frank; and Mike Waugh. “Supporting Student Success: E-books as Course Materials,” CODEX: Journal of the Louisiana Chapter of the ACRL. Volume 5, Issue 2 (Fall/Winter 2019).

Dunaway, David. “Bibliometrics for Faculty Evaluation: A Stastical Comparison of h-indexes Generated Using Google Scholar and Web of Science Data,” CODEX: Journal of the Louisiana Chapter of the ACRL. Volume 5, Issue 3 (Fall/Winter 2019).

Haber, Natalie, Melissa Cornwell, & Andrea Hebert. “This worksheet works: Making the DLS Standards work for you,” College & Research Libraries News. 

Hawk, Amanda K. “Implementing Standardized Statistical Measures and Metrics for Public Services in Archival Repositories and Special Collections Libraries,” Proceedings of the 2018 Library Assessment Conference, (Association of Research Libraries, 2019): 836-843. https://doi.org/10.29242/lac.2018.78

Hebert, Andrea and Jodi Duet. “’I’m Really Confident I Can Find the Exact IKEA Pillow’: A Qualitative Look at the Search Self-Efficacy of Graduating MLIS Students,” Behavioral & Social Sciences Librarian. https://doi.org/10.1080/01639269.2017.1690891.

Lounsberry, Megan. “No Textbooks Allowed! (Unless You’re a Graduate Student!): Louisiana State University Pilots an ILL Textbook Service. Journal of Interlibrary Loan, Document Delivery & Electronic Reserve, 28 (3/4): 61–73. https://doi.org/10.1080/1072303X.2019.1676862

Miles, John David. “Colfax, Kate Grant, and the Domestication of Reconstruction’s Violence,” Civil War Book Review. Volume 21, Issue 2 (Spring 2019).

Miles, John David. “The Loyalty of West Point’s Graduates Debated,” Civil War Book Review. Volume 21, Issue 1 (Winter 2019).

Miller, Marty. “Curriculum, Departmental, and Faculty Mapping in the Visual Arts Department,” Art Documentation, Volume 38, Issue 1 (March 2019): 159-173.

Morgan, Randa L. “Libraries and Gardens: Growing Together.” Catholic Library World, Volume 90, Issue 1 (September 2019): 68.

O’Neill, Brittany; and  Allen LeBlanc. “Evaluating Trends in Instruction Scheduling Management: A Survey of Louisiana’s Academic Libraries,” CODEX: Journal of the Louisiana Chapter of the ACRL. Volume 5, Issue 2 (Fall/Winter 2019).

Russo, Michael, “The Moon Belongs to Everyone:  ResearchGate and Subscription Databases Compared.”  Louisiana Libraries. Volume 81, Issue 3, (Winter 2019).

Russo, Michael, “Information Literacy through Service Learning” in Library Collaborations and Community Partnerships: Enhancing Health and Quality of Life.  Fannie M. Cox, Henry R. Cunningham, and Vickie Hines-Martin, eds., 2019.

Simms, Sarah; Hayley Johnson. “Hidden in Plain Sight,” 64 Parishes (Magazine of the Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities). Issue 4 (Summer 2019). https://64parishes.org/hidden-in-plain-sight.

Simms, S., & Johnson, H. Subtle activism: Using the library exhibit as a social justice tool, Alexandria, Volume 29, Issue 1-2 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1177/0955749019876119.

Ziegler, Scott; and Cara Key. “More Than a Pretty Interface: The Louisiana Digital Library as a Data Hub,” CODEX: Journal of the Louisiana Chapter of the ACRL. Volume 5, Issue 2 (Fall/Winter 2019).

Ziegler, S.L. “Digitization Selection Criteria as Anti-Racist Action,” Code4Lib Journal. Issue 45 (2019). https://journal.code4lib.org/articles/14667

Ziegler, S.L. and Steve Martin. “A Hidden Gem Becomes a Fertile Mining Ground: Historic Prison Admission Books and Data-Driven Digital Projects,” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Volume 143, Issue 3 (October 2019): 363-373.

2018

Hebert, Andrea. “Information Literacy Skills of First-Year Library and Information Science Graduate Students: An Exploratory Study,” Evidence Based Library and Information Practice Volume 13, Issue 3 (September 2018).

Miller, Marty. “Sacred vs. Profane in The Great War: A Neutral’s Indictment: Louis Raemaekers’s Use of Religious Imagery in Adoration of the Magi and Our Lady of Antwerp.” Catholic Library World, vol. 89, no. 1, Sept. 2018, pp. 20–32.

Rasmussen, Hans. “The Life and Death of Raquette in Nineteenth-Century New Orleans,” Sport History Review 49 (May 2018): 23-38.

Wilder, Stanley. “Delayed Retirements and the Youth Movement among ARL Library Professionals,” Research Library Issues, no. 295 (2018).

Wilder, Stanley. “Hiring and Staffing Trends in ARL Libraries,” Research Library Issues, no. 295 (2018).

Wilder, Stanley. “Selected Demographic Trends in the ARL Professional Population,” Research Library Issues, no. 295 (2018).

Ziegler, Scott; and Richard Shrake. “PAL: Toward a Recommendation System for Manuscripts,” Information Technology and Libraries, Vol. 37, No. 3 (2018).

2017

Caminita, C.; Cook, M.; and Paster, A. (2017). Thirty years of preserving, discovering, and accessing U.S. agricultural information: Past progress and current challenges. Library Trends, 65(3), 293-315.

Dauterive, Sarah; John Bourgeois; and Sarah Simms. “How little is too little? An examination of information literacy instruction duration for freshmen.” Journal of Information Literacy, 11.1 (2017): 204-219.

Fontenot, Mitch; Emily Frank; and Andrea Hebert. “Going Where the Users Are: Three Variations on a Theme,” Louisiana Libraries, Fall 2017.

Hawk, Amanda K. “Highflying Crowdfunding: Creating a Successful Partnership with a Campus Donor,” Archival Outlook, July/August 2017: 12-13, 19. https://www.bluetoad.com/publication/?i=422988.

Hebert, Andrea; and Marty Miller. (2017). Using FSA-OWI photographs to teach information and visual literacy. Louisiana Libraries, 79(3), 19–25.

Johnson, Hayley. “#NoDAPL: Social Media, Empowerment, and Civic Participation at Standing Rock,” Library Trends, Fall 2017.

More…